From time immemorial different cultures have left their archaeological remains in Santa Pola. The Iberians: a walled settlement from the 4th century BC. The Romans: a factory to make salted fish, some stores, a Roman Villa in “El Palmeral” and a port which was the key to maritime trade: the “Portus Illicitanus”.
From the 16th century the Castle and the watch towers were built to protect the population from the pirates –the Berbers– who had settled in the island of Tabarca. The fortification and later expulsion of the pirates from the island, in the 18th century, helped the permanent establishment of a centre of population, named Santa Pola.